Among the customs we usually do casually, we have wishes and prayers from old people.
I tried to investigate its meaning that I often overlook.
Although it is still few, it is going to increase more and more from now.
If you have comments or suggestions such as "I want this to be taught", "I have such a custom in the place I live", please send it from here.
Torii is a symbol of a shrine, which is a type of gate built at the entrance of the shrine, it is said to show the boundary between the sanctuary of God and the human world.
There are two or more torii at a large shrine, but in that case I call it Torii Torii from the outside, one torii, two Torii, and Torii Torii.
There are various theories about the origin of the torii, but when the Amaterasu Omikami (Amaerasu Omikami) was hiding in Iwato, he stopped chickens (long songbirds of constant world) and stopped them to sing, It is said that chickens have taken the way guidance because they came out of Iwato or when the descendants descended.
After that it is said that it became a torii at Shinku before to make chicken perch.
Also, it is said that the word "transit" or "chicken (living) dwelling" has been converted as to the etymology.
Ordinarily, the structure of Torii consists of pillars called "Kasagi (Kasagi)" on two pillars and pillars, and "Pen-pen" pierced horizontally underneath. Materials were wooden made of hinoki and cedars, etc., but in the future we could also make stone, copper and concrete construction etc. Also, at first glance there are types such as Shinmei (Shinmei), Kasuga, Yawata, Meigami, Inari, Sanno, Binba, Miwa and so on, which looks the same way. These are roughly divided into two, the Shinmei torii system and the Myojin Torii family where the Shinto torii developed decoratively. It is the latter 's Myojin Torii family that can be seen many nationwide.
The amount of a horse painting dedicated to the shrine as a proof of gratitude for praying or fulfillment is called an ema. Most of the shape of the ema occupies the upper part of the board in the shape of a mountain, and wrote each wish to dedicate.
In Japan, horse was sacred as a ride of God for a long time, and at the time of festivals and prayers there was a custom to dedicate living horses to the shrine saying the Shinkin (Jinma). Instead, drawing the horse's picture on the board and dedicating it is regarded as the origin of the ema. It was after the Kamakura period that the ema spread to the general public. From that time on, various animals (foxes, snakes, etc. related to the God of deity) have been drawn in addition to horse paintings. As the times further went down, the patterns diversified.
"Children are gifts from God" is said. This God is about Mr. Shrine. So when a child is born, I will report and appreciate the shogun to the shrine for about a month. And it is said that "Until the age of seven is the Son of God", souls have not yet settled yet since childhood for a while. By repeating ceremonial rituals in front of the gods there is a meaning of consolidating the soul.
Why are you celebrating three, five, seven?
Shichigosan is a custom to celebrate the milestone of child's growth in the samurai society of the Edo period,
Hairstand (Kamioki) 3 years old
Hakama wear (hakama bag) 5 years old
Otomo Sanpei (Ototo) seven years old
Hair setting is
A 3-year old man and a woman raise their hair. I was shaving my hair from birth until about three years old.
With hakama dresses,
A 5-year old boy is the first ritual to wear a hakama. By wearing a hakama, awareness as a man is born.
What is obi is?
It is a ceremony that girls tighten an adult band with an attachment belt. Take the attachment strip, cover the eight mouths, dress a small sleeve, and tighten the wide band. It says that the wish to put the soul in it firmly and not to bring down her body was put in it.
Anyway, 3 years old can start walking alone, 5 years old can not keep an eye on her, 7th birthday joins society (in modern elementary school entrance), put on a number that is worrisome for parents, Shichigosan 3 Watching the growth of children in the smile of their families has long been an important thing both in the past and now.
When you receive prayers at the shrine, "熨斗 く (び ぶ く ろ)" is used when you pay the prayer fee.
熨斗 bag is a bag with "熨斗 (noodles)" and "水 引" attached. There are many things printed in advance.
The origin of 熨斗 begins by adding "Abalone Abalone" as a gift. Originally stretched abalone thin and dried, it was a valuable preserved meal at that time, it has been regarded as a food that brings longevity.
Now it is simplified as shown on the right, and yellow paper is used instead of abalone. This 熨斗 can be attached to the envelope when sending cash.
When you receive a shrine at the shrine, I will pay a certain amount of money in this 熨斗 bag. Write in the front page as "Early-bodied fee" or "Tamashiki fee". Write down the name of those who will receive prayers (celebration children in the first place in Shogaku and Shichigosan) under the water drop.
It is now common to wrap money, but in the autumn of the fruitful days he gave thanks to God with gratitude, and provided the gods which were produced at the beginning of the year to God. After having served Inaho (Hatsuho) to the Shrine, I came to express the money I will give to God as "Early Rice Fee". It is also said to be "Tamashigei" because it serves Tamushi (something with a dusk pulled on the twigs of Sakaki) when worshiping in front of the Shinto. In addition, the handwriting called Tamakushi can also be used for spiritual festivals such as memorial service and condolences. Others "Otomo" "Otoshimae" are often used in writing.
Originally, both handwriting and condolences are written with a brushlet in principle. Write a dark black for celebrations and light ink for funerals. Those who are not good at writing brush, are considered rude with fountain pens and ballpoint pens. Please use at least black felt pen.
Even outside the shrine, 熨斗 bag is used to send cash at the time of a festival, but there are types such as a blessing or a no-friday. Usage will change depending on the color and knotting method of water drawing, with or without 熨斗.
It is a water draw called "Knock off". Because it is not easy to unravel, we can use only once, so use this bag ① when it is not preferable to repeat such as a wedding ceremony many times.
The color of the water drop is red and white, but there are also water drops such as five colors.
For a good keynote that can be repeated many times, such as Shingu, Shichigosan, etc., the water draw will use a bag ② of a "butterfly knot". The color of the watering is red and white and five colors.
Besides this, it is common to also use this 熨斗 bag for prayers such as acceptance prayer, evil purification, carpox.
A blind bag
The watercourse of funerals and other condolences is "Knockdown", 熨斗 does not apply. I will use ③. The color of the water drop will be black and white · white silver · white purple etc.
In addition, I will write the funeral writing in light ink.
In case of visit
I will use a gift bag even if I have a visit. However, you can not attach 熨斗. Since 熨斗 celebrates longevity, it was originally correct to put on, but now it seems to be received as a bad omen that "to" extend disease ". In a gift bag with no 熨斗, I will write a letter such as "Okonomiya" "Praying Full of Peace". If there is resistance in a gift bag, use a white envelope or the like. Be careful not to use disgrun bags even if you make a mistake.
I wish the laptop of the lower side is up so that I can get more and more luck.
We use paper made of two or more papers. It means that celebrations will overlap.
Represent the state of sadness with eyes resting with the wrapping above up.
Paper bags are only one sheet so that unhappiness will not overlap.
The dolls' festival on March 3 is an event to decorate dolls and their furnishings, pray for the healthy growth of girls with flowers of white sake, rice cake and peach.
Originally it was an exhilarating event to breathe in the body with a doll (paper) made with paper etc., to transfer sins and sorrows to the doll, and to flow to the sea and river.
As this era got down, the doll changed into a beautiful dynasty like a dynasty, it became popular and appreciated by people, but along with that, the custom of exorcism was lost. However, even now, in Tottori prefecture district, the prototype of such a chicks festival remains in the form of "sinking chick".
The carp streamer decorated on "Festival of the Dusk" on May 5th is a wish for the boy's healthy growth, but this event is a practice introduced from China. In China, events such as drinking an irish wine on this day and excelling evil have been held. It is said that the scent of irises is to purify evil, because it was considered a medicinal herb.
This custom has also been transferred to Japan, I think many people have experienced shrimps and iris water.
Since this iris is the same as "Naotake", we prayed that in samurai society we decorated armor etc as a boy 's celebration and grew bracefully. This changed shape, it became Mushyu doll decoration.
It is said that the carp streamer was obscured by a powerful carp that dates back to a waterfall.
"It is an event to watch the full moon in full moon in the lunar calendar August 15, in the lunar calendar in mid-September or late September," moon view "" moon moon "" moon fern month " It is also a topic of poetry and haiku as a good time.
Generally, on the evening of the evening, I will express my gratitude by inserting the rinse in the vase and providing dumplings, taro and pears and other things of that period. From the Kansai region to the Chugoku region, it is considered to be a "potato crescent moon" from providing a taro, and it is originally thought to be a crop ritual, that is, a crop ritual.
The custom of such moon viewing is from the era of Tang in China, which was introduced to Japan. And it has developed into an event related to harvesting of field crops and has been handed down to the present for a long time.
The lunar calendar September 13, which is about a month after the 15th night, is called "Omnibus", and it was supposed to do a moonlight even on occasion overnight whenever we saw the moon on a night. It was abhorred by saying "Kamimi moon" alone in the 15th night. On the other hand, if you forget the 15th night it seems you do not have to do it overnight. Thirteen nights will be called "Bean Festival" and "Kunimitsu" for thirteen nights against "Mayoname". Beans are edamame, there is a habit of providing edamame and chestnuts.
It is a shrine to purify the sins and mistakes of the body and mind again (injured) and to return to their original clean mind and body, and to conduct their daily lives within a year or a half year.
This priest is held twice every year on June 30 and December 31
The Great Exhaust of June"The Great Exhaust of Natsukoshi", December's Excellent"New Year's Eve"Also called.
To the divine,Doll (Hitoro)Exorcism by the expo tool (Hariru)Chiwa (Chinawa) Nicely passing (June only).
Kaya is a big ring made of chrysanthemum (beige), it is said that plague and innocence will be revived by passing through it.
How to visit karya (June only)
Pass around left, right, and left turn three times to draw eight characters. In this way, both my mind and body become pure and I visit the shrine.
At Asakusa Shrine, we will set up a champion in front of the shrine from June 15 th to the end of June.
The doll is also good as a crochet (a stuff), which is a paper cut out into a human shape. I write my name and age on this, stroking my body and blowing my breath three times.
By doing so, you transfer your sins and purify them instead of ourselves.
The dolls placed in Asakusa Shrine,
June 30 at 3 pm on December 31 pm at 3 pm
We will pray for you after praying for the Great Experience.
In general, I think that many visiting prayers at the shrine are held in front of the saisen box in front of the shrine, but this is a summary shrine. On the other hand, entering the shrine and visiting is called formal worship.
It will not be a good idea to visit as I like, as it will be formal visits. It is necessary to keep proper manner properly and follow the method of operation.
First of all, bowtie before going through torii. And walk in the middle of the approach path, walk on either side of the left or right. Let's finish your hands with a handwater house on your way. So far we will do even summary visits.
I will apply for a formal worship visit to the shrine.
We will pay the first flight fee.
Estimation of the first roasting
For individuals around 10,000 yen
For groups Or feeling from 30,000 yen or over 1,000 yen per person
It will be money to pay to God. In old days I offered rice and agricultural crops, but now the alternative money is called first stalk.
Instead of paying the money as it is, I will put it in the thing called "dress bag" on the right figure. Of course prepare for no fishing.
Flow of formal worship
1, arrive at a predetermined position according to the guidance
I, remodeling · · · Ritual of purification of purification
First, serve worship with Tamushi ... ... I will offer a thing with white paper called Paper Pulp in a twig called Sakaki.
One, Sacred priesthood
As it is not rude to God, once visited in a formal warranty was sought. Clothes that do not lose respect to God even now are desirable.
Wear a suit / tie
I conform to men.
Formal suit or dress in a calm color. However, avoid mini skirts and exposed skin.
Both men and women can not rise with barefoot. Be sure to wear socks and stockings, socks etc in summer as well.
Guardian dog is written as "Goryeo dog" "sesame dog" and refers to a pair of beast-shaped figures placed in front of the shrine's shrine or approach to the shrine. The original form of a guardian dog is an Orient, a Lion statue in India, which came through China and the Korean Peninsula. In Okinawa Prefecture, a lion called "Shisa" is placed as a devil on the roof of each house, but the stone guardian of a shrine likewise withdraws evil and has the meaning of a god front guardian.
Materials can see many stones, but there are also wood, copper, iron and others, and in general they are paired with both males and females. Also, one side opens the mouth (A), the other one closes the mouth (吽) many. The expression "breath of Aun" is thought to come from here.
The lion-dog in the Asakusa Shrine's shrine is made of wood, and it is called "Keio two years" on the pedestal. It was built in the same way as the shrine, and it passed over 350 years or more.
"Setsubun" refers to the day before springtime. In the first place, the term Setsubun was not limited to just the beginning of spring, but was the day before the summer, the winter, the fall, which was the word that meant the milestone of the four seasons. In other words, Setsubun was four times a year. In the lunar calendar, because the beginning of the year the beginning of the year, this milestone has been particularly heavily used, and if we call it a sabe somewhat, it began to point to the day before the beginning of spring.
Setsubun will do events to excel disasters and evils, but the representative one is "bean maki". It is said that this year's event, pursuing the brewed soybean and purifying demons, while adopting the old man "Fuku inside, ogre is outside", adopted the custom of the Ming Dynasty period in the Muromachi era. In the past, it was one of the annual events in the Imperial Palace called "Maki (beaning)" "Okinawa (Okayurai)" bean maki. This ceremony to remove and eliminate the disaster by stealing away the evil spirits dressed as a pajamas (bends) gradually spread to the private sector.
Also, in the Kansai region, there is a custom of eating heavy windings on the day of Setsubun.
By eating the thick winding as a demon's barrel, the meaning "to get rid of a demon" is included. In addition, there is a meaning of "do not cut the edge" by eating as it is long without winding, or "winding the fortune" because it is rolling, praying for many people to be happy. This way of eating also varies, and it seems to be different according to the custom of the area such as "eat towards the direction called Eukata" "eat while standing" "eat while laughing" "do not talk until eating" is.
"Tamashige Honten" (Tamagoshi Honten) is correctly called "Tusukushi served and worshiped". When we enter revised visits, prayers, festivals, etc., we will adore God with "Tusuki" and worship.
"Tamushi" is a thing with papers and cotton (Yu) attached to twigs of evergreens such as Sakaki (Sakaki) and cedars.
It is thought that it has the same meaning as rice, sake, fish etc as a thing to offer to the godhead. However, Tamushi has a special meaning from dedicating and worshiping in the festival. I pray with devotion to give respect to God and receive priesthood.
How to write Tamushi Fugazu
First, take Tamushi with both hands, put on the palm of the left hand, with the base of Tamushi with the right hand.
2. Turn the root of Tamushi skewer toward your body with your right hand and add your left hand to your right hand.
Three, please bring Tamashi to your face, I pray for a few seconds (including your wishes).
4. Hold the direction (leaf part) above Tamushi with the right hand, turn it clockwise and turn the root towards the shrine.
Fifth, reapply the left hand to the right hand, hold the leaves of Tamushi with both hands.
Six, go forward one step before Shin and put down Tamushi with both hands on the plan, then go down one step.
Seven, arrange your feelings, and worship God in the way of "Two bowls applauded baptism".
Points to remember: Do not forget the feeling that "Please give me your wish" to God.
We clean up at the end of the year and prepare to celebrate the new year, but likewise I will also clean the godshelf and I will punish for a new sorcerer. I thank you for the amulet for a year and then paid it to the shrine where I received the bill and then "burn it up" and I will accept a new god Kid. If it is difficult for you to pay the shrine received at a shrine in the distance, you can burn it at a nearby shrine.
Many shrines carry out the Okonomiya and Tonnonaki etc during the period from New Year's Eve to January 15th, and we will do the old god deception and the New Year's decoration fire.
Asakusa Shrine will set up an old bid deal in the precincts at the end of the year (around December 25th) so please pay it there by January 15th.
※ Asakusa Shrine does not burn your fish (donburi).
In bringing to the new year, we paid the shrine, the amulet, the soldier, the old godshelf, etc. that had been secured for a year to the shrine so that it would not be poor, it is said to burn it by purification. This is a god of devoting gratitude to the gods, praying again for fulfillment of various wishes, we are one of the cultures that Japanese have cultivated over the years.
There is Left Dean as a festival very similar to raising a fire. Left-wing director is mainly held on the 15th day of the New Year, and it is held as a private event even at elementary schools, etc. It is also called "dawn-yaki", "steadily grilling", "daitaki" depending on the region.
In the Heian period, on the 15th day of the lunar monthless lunar month and 18th day on the 18th day, you set up bamboo or tree called railroad with three sides, join a fan / strip etc on it and Yin Yang teacups it, Today is the beginning of fortunetelling, today there is the faith that collecting the New Year 's pine - gourd, burning it, burning mochi with that fire and getting disease - free and sick.
Burning raised Shinto shrine and left wonder daughter were originally different things, but in recent years it has been done as well.